A description of hepatitis a
The virus can also be transmitted through close physical contact such as oral-anal sex with an infectious person, although casual contact among people does not spread the virus. Diagnosis Cases of hepatitis A are not clinically distinguishable from other types of acute viral hepatitis.
The vaccine can be given as part of regular childhood immunizations programmes and also with other vaccines for travellers.
Hepatitis E Currently, no specific medical therapies are available to treat hepatitis E. Hepatitis A sometimes relapses.
Hepatitis a diagnosis
Safe water supply, food safety, improved sanitation, hand washing and the hepatitis A vaccine are the most effective ways to combat the disease. The vaccine is typically given in two shots. Prevention The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus. Ultrasound An abdominal ultrasound uses ultrasound waves to create an image of the organs within your abdomen. If bottled water isn't available, boil tap water before drinking it. Avoid all beverages of unknown purity, with or without ice. Countries with immunization schedules that include hepatitis A As of May , 34 countries used or were planning to introduce hepatitis A vaccine in routine immunization of children in specific risk groups. The impact on food establishments identified with the virus, and local productivity in general, can be substantial. It does not spread through sneezing or coughing. However, pregnant women who develop this infection require close monitoring and care. Hepatitis B can be prevented with vaccination. Experts are currently developing vaccines against hepatitis C.
Almost everyone recovers fully from hepatitis A with a lifelong immunity. While the 2 dose regimen of inactivated hepatitis A vaccine is used in many countries, other countries may consider inclusion of a single-dose inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in their immunization schedules.
Actions to be taken by countries and WHO Secretariat to reach these targets are outlined in the strategy. No vaccine is licensed for children younger than 1 year of age.
Safe and effective vaccines to prevent HEV infection have been developed but are not widely available. Some countries also recommend the vaccine for people at increased risk of hepatitis A, including: users of recreational drugs; travellers to countries where the virus is endemic; men who have sex with men; and people with chronic liver disease because of their increased risk of serious complications if they acquire hepatitis A infection. How hepatitis is diagnosed History and physical exam To diagnose hepatitis, first your doctor will take your history to determine any risk factors you may have for infectious or noninfectious hepatitis. While all cause liver disease, they vary in important ways. Countries with immunization schedules that include hepatitis A As of May , 34 countries used or were planning to introduce hepatitis A vaccine in routine immunization of children in specific risk groups. Foodborne HAV outbreaks sometimes occur in the U. The proportion of susceptible people in the population and the level of exposure to the virus should be considered. Vaccination to control community-wide outbreaks is most successful in small communities, when the campaign is started early and when high coverage of multiple age groups is achieved. Immunization efforts Vaccination against hepatitis A should be part of a comprehensive plan for the prevention and control of viral hepatitis. Safe and effective vaccines are available to prevent HAV. It can be used with or without steroids. The inflammation can affect how your liver works and cause other signs and symptoms of hepatitis A. Prevention The hepatitis A vaccine can prevent infection with the virus. Several injectable inactivated hepatitis A vaccines are available internationally.
Treatment There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A.
based on 119 review